In general terms it is possible to segment restaurants into several categories: 11. Chains and independently owned (indy) as well as franchise-based restaurants. McDonald’s, Union Square Cafe 2- Quick service (QSR), sandwich. Chicken, hamburger and more Noodles, convenience store pizza 3. Fast casual. Panera Bread, Atlanta Bread Company, Au Bon Pain and so on. 4-Family. Bob Evans, Perkins, Friendly’s, Steak ‘n Shake, Waffle House 5 Casual. Applebee’s Hard Rock Caf’e and Chili’s, TGI Friday’s 6- Fine dining. Charlie Trotter’s Morton’s The Steakhouse, Flemming’s, The Palm, Four Seasons 7. Other. Steakhouses ethnic, seafood dinner houses, celebrities and so on. Naturally, there are restaurants that are in several categories. For instance an Italian restaurant can be informal and also ethnic. Restaurant concepts that are the most successful with regard to sales are monitored for a long time by the publication Restaurants and Institutions.Motels Wallerawang CHAIN OR INDEPENDENT The idea that a handful of large chains that provide quick service completely control the restaurant industry is a myth. Chain restaurants offer some advantages, but they also have disadvantages compared to independent eateries. They have advantages like: 1. Recognition in the market 2- More influence on advertising 3- Sophisticated systems development 4- Purchases with a discount Motels Hartley In the case of franchising, a variety of assistance are provided. Independent restaurants are relatively simple to start. All you require is just a few thousand dollars and a basic understanding of the restaurant’s operations and a burning determination to achieve. The benefit for independent restaurant owners is that they are able to ”do their own thing in terms of concepts menus, decor and other things. As long as our preferences and habits don’t are drastically altered, there’s plenty of space for independent restaurants in specific places. Restaurants are a thing that change. Certain independent restaurants will expand into smaller chains, and larger corporations will purchase small chains. If small-scale chains gain the signs of growth and popularity and popularity, they will likely be acquired by a larger business or get financing to help expand. One of the biggest temptations for a new restaurateur is to see the large-scale restaurants in cities and then to think that their success could be replicated in smaller cities. Reading reviews of restaurants from New York City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Chicago, Washington, D.C. and San Francisco may give the impression that the restaurants are unique and are possible to replicate at Des Moines, Kansas City as well as Main Town, USA. Because of the demographics, trendy or ethnic eateries will not work in smaller towns or cities. 5. Will seek education from the bottom and encompass all aspects of the restaurant’s operations. Franchises pose the lowest financial risk because the restaurant’s format, which includes menu design, design and marketing strategies, have already been tried in the marketplace. Franchises are more likely to stay in business and not go belly up than independent eateries. This is due to the fact that the concept has been proven and the operating procedure is developed with all (or all) of the issues resolved. Training is available, as well as managerial and marketing assistance is readily available. The higher likelihood of success is not inexpensively, but it is worth it. There’s a fee for franchising and a royalty payment along with an advertising royalty and the requirement of a substantial financial assets. If you don’t have a lot of knowledge of the restaurant business, franchising might be a good way to start a restaurant industry, if they’re willing to begin from scratch and undergo a crash-course training course. Franchisees of restaurants are entrepreneurs who would rather manage, own, create and develop the existing business model with a contract-based business arrangements known as franchising.1 A number of franchises have accumulated numerous stores and made it to the cut. Naturally, many aspiring restaurateurs would like to do their own thing. They have an idea in their head and are eager to pursue it. Here are some examples of expenses involved in franchising 1. 1 Miami Subs traditional restaurant has fees of $30,000 and an annual fee in the amount of 4.5 percent and it requires at the very least five years’ experience as a multi-unit manager and a personal/business equity of at least $1 million and an individual/business Net value of $5 million. 22 Chili’s is a monthly charge that is based on sales performance (currently the service fee is 4 percent of sales per month) plus the higher of (a) the base rent for the month or (b) percent rent at or below 8.5 percent of sales. 3 McDonald’s needs $200,000 of non-borrowed personal resources. There is an initial cost of $45,000 and a monthly service cost determined by the restaurant’s sales efficiency (about 4.5%) and rent that is an expense. monthly base rent , or the percentage of monthly sales. The cost of equipment and preopening varies from $461,000 to $788,000. 4 Pizza Factory Express Units (200 to 9999 sq ft) require a franchise cost, plus a royalties of 5 percent and advertising costs that is 2 percent. The cost of equipment varies from $25,000 to $90,000. including miscellaneous costs of $3200 to $9,000 and an opening stock of $6,000. Five Earl of Sandwich has options for one unit that have the requirement for net worth of $750,000, and liquidity of $300,000. For five units the net worth must be $1 million and a liquidity of $500,000 is needed; when 10 units are purchased, a net worth is $750,000 and liquidity is $500,000; for 10 units, net worth is $1 million of $2 million, and liquidity of $800,000. The franchise fee for each location, while the royalty is 6 percent. What can you expect from all this cash? The franchisors will offer: 1- Assistance in the selection of a site and look over any sites you are considering. 2- Help in the design and construction preparation 3- Assist in preparation for opening 4. Training for employees and managers 5. Implementation and planning of pre-opening marketing strategies 6Units visits and continuous operating guidance There are a myriad of franchises in the restaurant industry that are completely risk-free. The restaurant that is owned or lease by a franchisee might be unsuccessful even though it’s part of a chain that is extremely profitable. Franchisees can also fail. One example is the highly praised Boston Market, which was located at Golden, Colorado. In 1993 when the company’s stock was initially offered to the public for 20 cents per share. It was quickly purchased, raising the price to a peak of $50 per share. In 1999, when the company filed for bankruptcy, the price of shares dropped down to 75 cents. The contents of several shops were sold for sale at only a fraction of the cost.7 Fortunes were made and lost. One group that didn’t suffer was those investment banking professionals who arranged an offer of stock and then sold it and earned an impressive fee for their services. The group that offered the shares also performed well, as they were successful in selling their shares when the stock were at a high. Fast-service chains such like Hardee’s as well as Carl’s Jr. have also experienced instances of red-ink. Both companies, currently under one proprietor known as CKE had periods of as long as four years where real profits for the company were negative. (Individual stores that were owned by the company or franchised could have been profitable in the down times.) There is no guarantee that a chain franchised by a franchisee will be successful. In the mid-1970s A&W Restaurants, Inc. located in Farmington Hills, Michigan, had more than 2,400 units. The 1995 year saw the chain had around 600. Following a buyout in 1995 the chain expanded its footprint by 400 locations. A few of these expansions were made in non-traditional places, like truck stops, kiosks, colleges and convenience stores where the full-service experience of a restaurant isn’t necessary. A restaurant idea may work well in one location however it may not work in another. The way of operating could be very compatible with the personality of one restaurant owner and not the other. The majority of franchised businesses require lots of labor and lengthy hours that some people view as boring. If a franchisee does not have enough capital and leases a land or building there is the possibility of having to pay for a higher lease than the business is able to pay for. The relationships between franchisees and franchisees can be difficult even in the largest businesses. The objectives of each differ: franchisers prefer the highest fees, while franchisees need the most support for marketing and franchised services like training for employees. Franchise chains can become involved in legal disputes against franchisees.